Rubbia, Carlo

(1934– )
   A scientist from Gorizia, on the border with Slovenia, Carlo Rubbia won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1984. Agraduate of the elite Scuola Normale di Pisa (although he was unsuccessful in his original application and was admitted only after another student dropped out), Rubbia has done most of his scientific research abroad; indeed, he has been publicly very critical of the Italian state’s support for young scientists. He began his work on the structure of “weak interactions” at Columbia University, and his main scientific research has been done at Harvard University, where he was professor between 1971 and 1988, and at the Conseil Europeen pour la Recerche Nucleare/European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva (Switzerland).
   As Rubbia’s Nobel autobiography states, at CERN in the early 1980s he suggested “transforming an existing high energy accelerator into a colliding beam device in which a beam of protons and of antiprotons, their antimatter twins, [were] counter-rotating and colliding head on.” The result of this insight was the discovery of Wand Z particles. Rubbia and his collaborator, Simon van der Meer, shared the Nobel Prize just two years after these discoveries, one of the quickest-ever awards of the prize. Rubbia was director-general of CERN from 1989 to 1993, and in 1994 he became director of the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, near his hometown of Gorizia. He was director of the Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l’Energia e l’Ambiente (ENEA), the Italian state entity for the development of new technologies and for environmental science, between 1999 and 2005. This appointment terminated in July 2005 when Rubbia made his most devastating critique to date of political interference in the management of Italian science.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Rubbia, Carlo — ▪ Italian physicist born March 31, 1934, Gorizia, Italy       Italian physicist who in 1984 shared with Simon van der Meer (Meer, Simon van der) the Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery of the massive, short lived subatomic W particle and Z… …   Universalium

  • Rubbia , Carlo — (1934–) Italian physicist Born at Gorizia, Trieste, Rubbia was educated at the University of Pisa, where he obtained his PhD in 1958. After spending a year each at Columbia, New York, and Rome, he took up an appointment in 1960 at the European… …   Scientists

  • Rubbia,Carlo — Rub·bi·a (ro͞oʹbē ə, ro͞oʹbyä), Carlo. Born 1934. Italian physicist. He shared a 1984 Nobel Prize for the discovery of three subatomic particles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rubbia, Carlo — ► (n. 1935) Físico italiano. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1984, compartido con Simon Van der Meer, por el descubrimiento de los bosones vectoriales intermedios. (V. bosón.) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rubbia — Carlo …   Scientists

  • Rubbia — Rubbia, Carlo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • RUBBIA (C.) — RUBBIA Carlo (1934 ) Carlo Rubbia est né en 1934 à Gorizia, petite ville de l’Italie du Nord située non loin de la frontière slovène. Son père, ingénieur, dirigeait la compagnie locale de téléphone et sa mère était institutrice. Enfant, il se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rubbia — Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia (* 31. März 1934 in Gorizia) ist ein italienischer Physiker. Rubbia erhielt 1984 zusammen mit Simon van der Meer den Physik Nobelpreis „für ihre maßgeblichen Beiträge bei dem großen Projekt, das zur Entdeckung der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carlo Rubbia — Carlo Rubbia, 2005 Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia (* 31. März 1934 in Gorizia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carlo Rubbia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia (Gorizia, Italia 1934) es un físico y profesor universitario italiano galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Física del año 1984. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

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